About neonatal care - acknowledgements and references

A member of unit staff looking through notes in front of an incubator

This page contains the references for this information and acknowledgements to the parents and healthcare professionals who helped to write it.



Catia Martins

Katherine Bailey

Sophie Amey

Thomas Padden

Louise Bryant

T’Lise Gibbs-Ward

Charlotte Howell

Ashleigh Fallows

Gemma Lovegrove

Molly Fieldhouse

Dolly Emerson-Smith

Hannah Salton

Healthcare professionals:

Alan Fenton

Tim van Hasselt

Emily Prior

Fauzia Paize

Sara Clarke

Cheryl Curson

Anna Francis

Katy Parnell

Charlotte Xanthidis

Lorraine Cairns

Emily Hills

Gillian Bowker

Claire Campbell


  1. Royal College of Paediatric and Child Health, 2022. National Neonatal Audit Programme (NNAP), 2022 Annual Report on 2020 data. https:// www.rcpch.ac.uk/sites/default/.... Accessed 21 March 2022
  2. NHS National Quality Board, 2018. An improvement resource for neonatal care, Edition 1. https://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-... safe-staffing-neonatal.pdf. Accessed 21 March 2022.
  3. NHS, 2022. Getting It Right First Time – Neonatology. Available via NHS Futures. Accessed 13 April 2022.
  4. British Association of Paediatric Medicine, 2021. ‘Family Integrated Care: A Framework for Practice’. Available via https://hubble-live-assets. s3.amazonaws.com/bapm/file_asset/file/793/BAPM_FICare_Framework_ November_2021.pdf. Accessed 12 May 2022.
  5. Waddington et al, 2021. ‘Family integrated care: Supporting parents as primary caregivers in the neonatal care unit’. Available via https:// mednexus.org/doi/epdf/10.1002/ped4.12277. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  6. Hardin et al, 2021. ‘Affectionate touch in the context of breastfeeding and meternal depression influences infant neurodevelopment and temperamental substrates.’ Available via https://www.karger.com/Article... Abstract/511604#. Accessed 12 May 2022.
  7. NHS. Hand hygiene. Available via https://www.england.nhs.uk/sta.... Accessed 7 April 2022.
  8. Bernardo et al, 2021. ‘Parental Stress and Mental Health Symptoms in the NICU: Recognition and Interventions’. Neoreviews (2021) 22 (8): e496–e505.
  9. Teyvaurd et al, 2019. ‘A multi-layered approach is needed in the NICU to support parents after the preterm birth of their infant’. Early Human Development (2019), Vol 139. References75
  10. NHS Choices, 2021. Special care: ill or premature babies. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/... . Accessed 7 April 2022.
  11. British Association of Perinatal Medicine, 2022. Service and quality standards for provision of neonatal care in the UK (Draft for consultation). Available via https://hubble-live-assets.s3.... file_asset/file/1237/BAPM_Service_Quality_Standards_For_Consultaton.pdf. Accessed 8 August 2022.
  12. WHO, 2018. Preterm birth. Available via http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/. Accessed 13 April 2022.
  13. British Association of Perinatal Medicine, 2017. Transitional care standards and definitions. A Framework for Neonatal Transitional Care
  14. Bliss, 2018. Transferring your baby to another hospital. Available via https://www.bliss.org.uk/paren... transferring-your-baby-to-another-hospital. Accessed 13 April 2022.
  15. NHS Choices, 2019. Meningitis. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/ conditions/Meningitis/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  16. NHS Choices, 2018. Blood tests. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/ conditions/blood-tests. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  17. NHS Choices, 2021. Ultrasound scans. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/ conditions/Ultrasound-scan/. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  18. NHS Choices, 2022. X-rays. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ x-ray/. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  19. NHS Choices, 2021. Lumbar puncture. Available via https://www.nhs.uk/ conditions/Lumbar-puncture/. Accessed 7 April 2022.
  20. NHS Choices, 2019. How to resuscitate a child. Available via https:// www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnanc.... aspx Accessed 7 April 2022.